Patients

What tests do we need, how much do they cost, how do we prepare for them and other usefull information

The laboratory tests are received under a settlement regime of the Health Insurance Fund only within the limit of the funds allocated to our laboratories. For further information and appointments, please give us a call.

Preparation for the tests

In order for the tests to truly reflect the health of the body, in addition to the performance of the laboratory and the investigation and testing equipment, the preparation of the patient before the collection is also very important. Here are some tips to consider before tests:

COLLECTION OF URINE SAMPLE FOR URINE CULTURE

Collection of urine sample in urinary tract infections
Collect urine from the first morning urination, after a thorough hygiene of the area (vulva, penis) with water and soap. Rinse with water; the first jet is discarded, the middle jet 5 -10 ml will be collected in the sterile container provided by the laboratory. The urine thus obtained should be brought to the laboratory immediately or if more than an hour has passed it must be stored in the refrigerator.

Collection of urine sample in prostate infections
Collect urine from the first morning urination, after a thorough hygiene of the area (penis) with water and soap. Rinse with water; the first jet is collected in the sterile container provided by the laboratory. The urine thus obtained should be brought to the laboratory immediately or if more than an hour has passed it must be stored in the refrigerator.

Collection of urine sample in catheterized patients
The catheter will be disinfected near the meatus, it will be pinched and after 5 – 10 minutes the collection is carried out by puncturing with a syringe above the pinching place. DO NOT COLLECT from the container or the urine collection bag.

Collection of urine sample in newborns and small children
The device is placed after a thorough hygiene of the area and left there for hour at the most. If during this time the baby has not urinated, the device is changed. From this you will transfer into the sterile container that will be brought to the laboratory as soon as possible. Do not bring the device (urine collection bag).

COLLECTION OF SAMPLES FOR OVA AND PARASITE TEST

Collect from spontaneously emitted faecals (without oily purgatives or charcoal laxatives) by sampling fragments from different parts of the faecals.
Also, any suspicious fragments, mucus in the feces will be collected and sent to the laboratory. From the time of collection it is recommended that the sample be sent to the laboratory in 4 hours at the most, otherwise the sample must be stored in the refrigerator for 24 hours at the most.
As there are negative periods when eggs, or larval forms are not eliminated, it is recommended to collect 3 times every 3-4 days.

WE DO NOT ACCEPT CONTAINERS FILLED MORE THAN ¼.

COLLECTION OF SAMPLES FOR COPROCULTURE

Acute infectious diarrhea is caused by a different number of pathogens including bacteria, viruses and protozoa.
The patient with diarrhea has liquid, soft, with egg white aspect, hemorrhagic or mucopurulent stools.
Diarrhea can be acute or chronic, febrile or not.
Not all episodes of diarrhea are infectious.
Not all infectious diarrheas are bacterial.
The patient is asked to collect portions of mucus, blood, pus from the spontaneously emitted stool in a clean container (not from the toilet bowl). A representative portion the size of a HAZELNUT will be collected with a spatula, which will be placed in the medium container. Its role is to preserve the viability of the pathogens. DO NOT FILL the recipient. In the stool portion that lies not in the medium, most likely the pathogenic bacteria has died.
Do not take any antibiotics before the sample is collected.
Formed and hard stools are not diarrhea stools.

Collection for small children and newborns
It can be done using the Carry-Blair rectal swab with transport medium or you can collect a representative portion from the diaper that is later inserted in the medium container.

COLLECTION OF SAMPLES FOR DIGESTIVE HEALTH TEST

The patient is prepared in advance by administering all food principles (proteins, carbohydrates, fats, mineral salts).
The Schmidt-Strasburger diet consists of a food trial administered to the patient during 2-3 days:
– 75-150 g minced meat, undercooked (gastric digestion of connective tissue and muscle fibres is monitored);
– one plate of mashed potatoes (carbohydrate digestion);
– 50-60 g butter and milk (digestion of fats).
– It can be supplemented with 2 soft eggs, toast, crackers, cheese, apple jam.

Because the stool emission, after this diet can suffer variations from case to case, according to the constipation, diarrhea or false diarrhea status, the patient will be administered, with the trial diet also pills of 1,5 g powder of animal charcoal (possibly small enemas; laxatives are forbidden).
The digestive health test can also be done without this trial diet provided that the dietary versatility (diversified diet) is ensured.

IT IS VERY IMPORTANT THAT THE SAMPLES EXAMINED BE VERY FRESH.

COLLECTION OF SAMPLES FOR DETERMINING DIGESTIVE HAEMORRHAGES
A diet free of foods with peroxidasic characteristics (mainly meat) is required 2-3 days before the collection of the sample. Dairy and flours are preferred.

RULES FOR THE PREPARATION FOR BLOOD COLLECTION

Preparing the patient for quantitative haematology tests
Blood samples are usually collected in the morning and require fasting beforehand for the normal patients.
Fatty foods and sweets should not be eaten at the last meal on the day before the collection.
Preferably for women not to be during menstruation.

Preparing the patient for biochemical and serological tests
Blood samples are usually collected in the morning. Preferably for women not to be during menstruation
Besides those mentioned above, a light dinner is recommended and a period of fasting of at least 12 hours until the moment of collection, and avoidance of alcohol consumption in order to avoid serum lactescence.

COLLECTION OF URINE SAMPLE FOR THE URINALYSIS

Collect urine from the first morning urination, after a thorough hygiene of the area (vulva, penis) with water and soap. Rinse with water; the first jet is discarded, the middle jet 5 -10 ml will be collected in the sterile container provided by the laboratory. The urine thus obtained should be brought to the laboratory immediately or if more than an hour has passed it must be stored in the refrigerator.

PREPARING THE PATIENT FOR SEMEN COLLECTION

Recommandation: Sexual abstinence during 3 days.

Avoid: sexual excesses, fever, nutritional deficiencies, nervous tension, intempestive hormonal or antibiotic treatments; incomplete ejaculation or collection of a part of the liquid during handling, collection in rubber containers or unclean jars and preservation of the semen at high temperatures.

To carry out the spermogram, it is recommended to transport the sample to the laboratory within 30 minutes after the collection at the most.

COLLECTION OF STOOL SAMPLES FOR GIARDIA

Collect from spontaneously emitted faecals (without oily purgatives or charcoal laxatives) by sampling fragments from different parts of the faecals.

Only fresh stool samples will be brought to the laboratory. These will be collected in containers without transport medium.

Contact

Family medicine

Address

Str. Ștefan Mora nr. 1, ap. 2
400295, Cluj-Napoca

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